REST: the HTTP solution for web services

Resource-oriented web services based on REST

Combining different application systems has become increasingly important over the past few years. This trend is especially due to the increasing number of web applications being developed. In order to react to this trend, many different web services were developed that make data transfer across multiple systems possible. The Representational State Transfer (REST) is an architectural style that...

Server operating systems: a history and overview

Server operating systems: history and today’s situation

Operating systems have gone through some major changes over the years. While their beginnings are rooted in more humble, purely text-based user interfaces, today’s options have evolved into complex software packages with graphical interfaces, comprising an elegant go-between for hardware and software applications. Users, who have long since been equipped with a keyboard and mouse, are able to...

What is a VPN (virtual private network)?

VPN — secure data transfer through public networks

VPN implementations offer an affordable alternative for locally connecting networks, as well as making network resources available for external devices. In contrast to corporate networks, no private communication network is required. Instead, like the internet, VPNs rely on networks, and protect sensitive data through a process known as tunneling.

Web server: definition, background, software tips

What is a web server? And which web server software is there?

The equation is simple - without it, there’s simply no web content: when a web server is out of order, then it’s no longer possible to call up any websites that are connected to it. Web servers are what allow online presences to reach the internet in the first place. But just how do these systems work? Which functions do the programs responsible for this task offer? And what’s an example of a good...

Web stacks: the basics and examples

Web stack—the software framework for web development

Terms like web stack or web application stack refer to software packages that are used to develop and operate websites and web applications. The most well-known example of this technology, the LAMP stack, has witnessed increasing competition through the likes of JavaScript-based framework bundles, which feature unified programming languages for servers and clients. This gives them a considerable...

IPsec: security architecture for IPv4 and IPv6

Secure network connections with IPsec

A big problem with the previous Internet Protocol version, IPv4, was the missing guarantee of security standards of integrity, authenticity, and confidentiality. This previous protocol lacked the necessary means to identify data sources or enable secure transport. The protocol suite IPsec, developed for IPv4’s successor, IPv6, has changed the situation for Internet Protocol overnight.

Name resolution online: what is a DNS server?

DNS – the internet naming system

Translating domain names to IP addresses is one of the central services on the internet. Your computer sends daily requests to the domain name system (DNS) without you knowing. Name resolution on the internet usually only captures our attention when something isn’t working properly. But ask yourself today: What is DNS? And what is a DNS server?

What is a proxy server?

What is a proxy server?

A proxy server is a network component that provides an interface between a private network and the internet. A proxy makes it possible to have an influence on the data traffic, to cache packet data, and to conceal the identity of the communication partners by using different IP addresses.

What is a server? One term, two definitions

What is a server?

When talking about web hosting, it is impossible to avoid the term ‘server’. So what is a server? And how does it work? In IT, there are actually two definitions of the term. The traditional server is the software for network services, but more recently the word has also been used to describe the corresponding hardware used to carry out server programs. Here is our overview of the most common...

Creating an IT disaster recovery plan

For when the going gets tough: the IT disaster recovery plan

For businesses, a reliable IT infrastructure is just as integral to day-to-day operations as competent management, productive employees, and reasonable working conditions. A server outage is able to paralyze an entire company. Adequate preparation can help prevent some of the most common errors from occurring; unforeseen risks, however, will always remain a factor. In order to be on top of your...


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