NTLM (NT LAN Manager)
NTLM: How does this protocol work?
  • Know-how

The NTLM protocol was a practical solution for Windows devices for a long time: A user just had to sign in once and then gain direct access to various network services. However, this authentication method is now considered unsafe and is no longer in use. How does NTLM work, and why do users now prefer to use Kerberos?

NTLM: How does this protocol work?
What is software-defined storage?
Software-defined storage: definition, functionality and its advantages
  • Know-how

Data storage is an important topic across many different companies. Whether it’s project files, user data or other documents – without a suitable, easy-to-administer storage solution, data management can quickly go off the rails. Within this context, software-defined storage solutions are becoming ever more popular. This involves the use a central storage based on a software-controlled hardware...

Software-defined storage: definition, functionality and its advantages
What is an operating system
What is an operating system?
  • Know-how

Although we use them on a daily basis, few of us know how an operating system actually works and what this important piece of software is used for. PC, laptop, smartphone, or tablet – even some fridges are now equipped with an operating system such as Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, or one of many Linux distributions.

What is an operating system?
What is BIOS
What is a BIOS? A definition
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BIOS has been around for almost as long as PCs themselves. If you frequently struggle with computer issues, you may have heard of the term, but few users know exactly what it is. Yet, the BIOS is fundamental to the operability of every PC. In this article, we discuss what’s behind the acronym, which functions the BIOS performs, and what its successors look like.

What is a BIOS? A definition
NTFS
NTFS: what is NTFS and what are its advantages and disadvantages?
  • Know-how

The question “What is NTFS?” is primarily relevant for users of the Microsoft operating system Windows. That’s because NTFS (short for New Technology File System) has been the file system standard for all devices that work with the popular Microsoft systems since 2001. This article explains basic information about the technical parameters and versions, and the pros and cons of the file system.

NTFS: what is NTFS and what are its advantages and disadvantages?
exFAT
What is exFAT? A quick guide
  • Know-how

What is exFAT? The exFAT file system was specifically developed for flash storage media like USB sticks and SD cards. As a cross-platform format, it simplifies the exchange between Apple and PC devices via external SSD and HDD drives. The exFAT standard is an extension of the FAT32 file system.

What is exFAT? A quick guide
FAT32
What is FAT32? A quick guide
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What is FAT32? This cross-platform format has allowed data to be exchanged between different media (e.g. hard drives and USB sticks) and operating systems (Windows, Linux, and macOS) since 1996. But is the system still able to hold its own against other formats like NTFS or exFAT?

What is FAT32? A quick guide
File systems
File systems: explanation and overview of the most important ones
  • Know-how

Usually, users have little reason to engage with the file system on their computer. However, it’s worth having an understanding of the topic, because hardware performance, data security, and compatibility with other devices and network-based data exchange depend on file systems.

File systems: explanation and overview of the most important ones
Dedicated IP
Dedicated IP: dispelling common myths
  • Know-how

For many years, dedicated IPs were an important component within hosting and mailing. To this day, you can choose a dedicated IP address for your project from a wide variety of services. But is a dedicated IP really a better solution than a shared address? We’ll show you what you need to know about the two IP types and dispel common myths.

Dedicated IP: dispelling common myths
What is hyperscale?
Hyperscale computing – load balancing for large quantities of data
  • Know-how

A hyperscale server infrastructure is one that adapts to changing requirements in terms of data traffic or computing power. Hyperscale computing environments have a large number of servers that can be networked together horizontally to handle increases in data traffic. This type of setup is referred to as “scalable”, because it automatically responds to fluctuating data volumes.

Hyperscale computing – load balancing for large quantities of data