The different network types

Network types at a glance

When several computers are connected to one another it is known as a network. Networks enable data exchange between different devices, making shared resources available. Different network types are implemented depending on which transmission techniques and standards are used. These differ in terms of the number of connected systems and potential reach.

SNTP: simple network time protocol

Simple network time protocol: the stripped-back protocol for time synchronization

An exact system time on a computer is especially important when devices need to exchange data. Cross-system processes quickly come to a standstill if the generated time stamps are very different from the time that applies to the system. Synchronization methods that keep the clocks of the individual network participants in sync are utterly indispensable. One of the simplest methods to achieve time...

Protection against ransomware, spyware, and scareware

Ransomware, adware, etc. – how can you protect yourself?

The internet is a playground for cybercriminals and fraudsters – for many, this is an annoying and frightening reality. The threats from unwanted software range from harmless advertising to trojans, which can paralyze complete computer networks. The forms of malicious software or malware are diverse, the countermeasures often very simple. In our article, you can read about how ransomware, spyware,...

ARP Spoofing: Attacks from the internal network

ARP Spoofing – flaws in network security

When it comes to network security, administrators focus primarily on attacks from the internet. But often times, the danger lurks in the internal network. If the LAN turns out to be a blind spot in the security IT, then internal attackers have an easy time. A popular method of attack is ARP spoofing. With this, hackers switch undetected between two communication partners in order to intercept,...


Correcting the error “Err_Connection_Timed_Out”

The error message “Err_Connection_Timed_Out” appears frequently on Google Chrome and means that an error has occurred when trying to access a webpage. This is usually caused by the target server taking too long to send a reply, which results in the browser terminating the communication attempt. Find out in our guide what “Err_Connection_Timed_Out” means, what measures you can take to correct the...

VPN server set-up via Raspberry Pi and OpenVPN

Set up Raspberry Pi as a VPN server: OpenVPN tutorial

If you set up your own VPN server, then you can access your local network from any internet connection, not to mention allowing you to move around the internet more securely, while also being encrypted, from public WLAN networks. This tutorial shows that the Raspberry Pi mini-computer and the already established OpenVPN program are perfectly sufficient for the creation and operation of a VPN...

What is a VPN (virtual private network)?

VPN — secure data transfer through public networks

VPN implementations offer an affordable alternative for locally connecting networks, as well as making network resources available for external devices. In contrast to corporate networks, no private communication network is required. Instead, like the internet, VPNs rely on networks, and protect sensitive data through a process known as tunneling.

FileZilla: tutorial for the FTP client program

How to use FileZilla: a tutorial on the popular FTP client

FileZilla is considered to be a standard software for transferring data between locally connected computers and online servers. The network protocol is able to transfer via FTP and its encrypted variants, SFTP and FTPS. We’ve created an overview of the client program’s features and break down the details of this program from installation to data transfer.

Headless CMS: What are the benefits?

Get more from your own content with headless CMS

If you want to juggle more than one channel with your content management system, you’ll quickly reach the limits. A classic CMS offers many simplifications, but at the same time is limited with its design options. For this reason, content creators sometimes rely on another solution: a headless CMS. This separates the frontend from the backend so that different websites and mobile apps can be...


All you need to know: what is a hostname?

A computer’s unique name on a network is the hostname, site name or computer name. The hostname is part of the fully qualified domain name, which can be used (for example) to find and access websites on the internet. Here you’ll learn what a hostname looks like, and we’ll show you various ways to determine the hostname using an IP address or how to change it.