Protocols

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR: the best solutions

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR: how to fix the Chrome bug

Chrome is the world’s most widely-used internet browser. The application scores points not only when it comes to security and speed, but also with its features such as cross-device synchronization of user data. But errors can occur even when surfing with Google’s wonder weapon. These can lead to the browser crashing or prevent certain pages from being accessed. The error message...

Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP)

AMQP: Introducing the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol

Many IT departments need communication between various applications to work swiftly and without errors. For example, lost messages or a bottleneck of messages can lead to expensive problems in the financial industry. With the AMQP protocol, problems like these don't occur. How does the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol work?

UTF-8: encoding global digital communication

UTF-8: the network standard

UTF-8 is method of Unicode character encoding, which claims to cover all modern languages for data processing. The format has significantly influenced international digital communication. But what exactly does “UTF-8” mean? And what is special about UTF-8 in the Unicode character set? Here you can find out which structure the coding is based on, and which bytes are permitted in the standard...

MAC address

MAC address (media access control)

Without a MAC address, nothing in a network will work on your device. Just as your postman needs a valid address to reliably deliver the mail, the transmission of data packets in computer networks is only possible with the unique hardware address of the target device. When it comes to a MAC address, at least there is one address available on each network-compatible device. But what is the MAC...

Bootp protocol

BOOTP: All information on the DHCP forerunner

If you want to connect a computer, smartphone, etc. to a network (LAN or WiFi), you can either assign the IP address manually or get it automatically. The latter is possible thanks to the DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) communication protocol, which has established itself as the cross-platform standard solution for address management. The forerunner was the BOOTP bootstrap protocol that...

IGMP snooping

IGMP snooping: eavesdropping for multicast traffic

If a system in IP networks is to send data packets to different target hosts as efficiently as possible, an IP multicasting connection is the perfect solution. When it comes to multipoint transmission, the data packets are able to reach all interested parties thanks to various protocols such as GMP, for example. Switches and internet routers can also use the communication protocol for IGMP...

What are the benefits of IPv6?

IPv6: All about the new internet standard

IPv6 is the newest version of the internet protocols, and should overcome the central issues of its predecessors. Included in these issues is the impending shortage of IPv4 addresses as well as the violation of the end-to-end principle by the strict separation of public and private IPs. This article gives an overview of the functions of IPv6 as well as the structure and distribution of address...

QUIC – the Internet Transport Protocol based on UDP

QUIC: What is behind the experimental Google Protocol?

Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC for short), is an experimental network protocol from Google. Further development of the protocol is being driven by IETF, which has set up a dedicated group working towards it. The QUIC protocol is intended to offer a speed-optimized alternative to the current transport standard TCP and builds on the connectionless protocol UDP to achieve this.

What is ARP? – Address resolution in networks

What is ARP (Address Resolution Protocol)?

When computer information is sent in TCP/IP networks, it is first decompressed into individual data frames. In this way, you can transfer data of nearly unlimited size. The frames also contain the target system’s MAC address, without which a transmission would not be possible. If the physical address is not known, the sender must first be determined using the ARP Address Resolution Protocol. Here,...

DHCP: An overview of the Client/Server protocol

DHCP: What’s behind the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

If you’re connected to an internet router and power on your computer, it automatically obtains the necessary network parameters, such as the IP address, subnet mask, or DNS server. This is made possible by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which simplifies address assignment when connecting to the internet and makes setting up local networks easy as pie.


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