Protocols

Terminal Servers – the Secret Behind Remote Hosts

Terminal servers: definition, basics, and advantages

In the days of mainframe computers and the first smaller networks, terminals were a crucial building block for sharing hardware and software resources. It is no coincidence that terminal servers – the central administrative entity of such networks – are in demand decades later, now that applications are to be made available to multiple users.

Web stacks: the basics and examples

Web stack—the software framework for web development

Terms like web stack or web application stack refer to software packages that are used to develop and operate websites and web applications. The most well-known example of this technology, the LAMP stack, has witnessed increasing competition through the likes of JavaScript-based framework bundles, which feature unified programming languages for servers and clients. This gives them a considerable...

Log analysis: User statistics from the server log

Log analysis: What the web server log reveals about your visitors

How many pages are accessed by a single user when they’re visiting your website? And which links or search queries did they use to lead them to you? To answer such questions, well-known web analysis tools like Google Analytics seem to be the only option. But the web server’s automatically generated log file also provides a solid foundation for user information. The following guide discusses the...

Encryption methods: An overview

Encryption methods: An overview

E-mail, instant messaging, or voice-over IP: If you want to communicate over the internet, you should make sure that the data transfer process can be trusted. The same goes for the World Wide Web. With online banking and digital shopping, money transactions are increasingly being carried out online. Popular encryption methods like DES, AES, or RSA should guarantee the security of passwords, credit...

How to set up a proxy server in your browser

How to set up a proxy server with Windows

Proxy settings can be established quickly and easily via the operating system’s control panel or browser menu. Discover exactly how to do this with our comprehensive step-by-step introductions for Windows 7, 8, and 10. A faulty proxy configuration can cause connection failures, but there are simple ways to detect the causes and rectify these errors.

NGINX: basics, installation, and set-up

NGINX — the quick and efficient web server

For years, Apache had been the uncontested go-to web servers and comprised the basis of most websites published in the World Wide Web. The increasing technical requirements of modern web projects and the growing demands and expectations of internet users has brought on a sea change of sorts. Alternatives like NGINX are becoming ever more popular and are slowly creeping up on the classic server...

What is Neighborhood Discovery Protocol(NDP)?

Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) – what is it?

Network configurations today are done quickly. For those who do not rely on their own fixed settings for routers, computers, and more, the Internet Protocol family provides the appropriate set of automatic mechanisms to determine critical parameters, such as the default gateway, IP address, and MAC address.

NAT: How Network Address Translation works

NAT: Network Address Translation in the router

NAT, the network address translation, is closely tied to the internet standard IPv4 and will disappear from the internet along with it. But the implementation of IPv6 is slow to take over, and many internet users worldwide still surf with the fourth version of the internet protocol. As a result, network address translation via NAT tables remains current. In our guide, we answer the questions: What...

What is a floating IP?

What is a floating IP?

IP addresses are essential for modern digital communication. They are the 'connection numbers' of all devices in the network and this is why they are one of key foundation elements of the internet as well as other networks. Communication is based on a common 'language': the internet protocol. But what exactly is a floating IP and what is it used for? What is the difference between a floating IP of...

Nagios – an overview of all network processes

Nagios: the standard server for monitoring IT infrastructure

IT departments are not to be envied: all devices, servers, databases, etc., must not only be integrated into the network, but also work at any time. In order to prevent any problems that might arise in advance, Nagios is the monitoring tool you need in your standard IT repertoire. What makes the open source solution so special and what are the alternatives?


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