What are Dark Patterns?
Dark Patterns in UX design – deception and deceit!
  • Web development

Dark Patterns are all over the internet – on shopping sites, email platforms, download portals, search engines, social networks, and so on. But their goal is always the same: to coerce visitors into buying a particular product or click on a link. If you want to find out more about Dark Patterns and how they manipulate the user experience (UX), continue reading.

Dark Patterns in UX design – deception and deceit!
Alt Gr key
Alt Gr key: how to access hidden keyboard functions
  • Web development

Most of the keys on a computer keyboard have several functions. For example, some common symbols such as the $ or the @ sign are hidden behind other keys. The most convenient way to access these is to press the Alt Gr button, which can be substituted by the Alt and Ctrl keys on US keyboards. Learn about the most important shortcuts and how to access the special characters using the Alt Gr key.

Alt Gr key: how to access hidden keyboard functions
Responsive navigation in web design
Responsive navigation: dynamic menus for mobile
  • Web design

Web design is an increasingly demanding and complex art, especially when it comes to adaptability. Websites must now satisfy far more requirements: they must look appealing on devices of all sizes, be easy for visitors of a wide range of abilities to navigate, and most importantly of all, the user experience must be perfect, regardless of the device used. Responsive design ensures that the content...

Responsive navigation: dynamic menus for mobile
Bootstrap 5 – what’s new
Bootstrap 5: the most important updates
  • Web development

What are the updated features? Bootstrap 5 is meant to simplify the creation of modern, elegant websites. Its creators promise improved loading times, a better user experience, and more meaningful code. No more jQuery, no more Internet Explorer support, but more flexibility to successfully develop websites.

Bootstrap 5: the most important updates
Alt key on Mac
The Alt key on the Mac keyboard: functions and special characters
  • Web development

Do you use the Alt key on your keyboard? There are many practical functions for this key which often goes unused. However, it is well worth checking out. The Alt key on the Mac keyboard gives you access to many hidden functions and special characters. We will show you what this key can do and which keyboard shortcuts you can use to greatly simplify using your computer.

The Alt key on the Mac keyboard: functions and special characters
What is a callback function?
What are callback functions?
  • Web development

If you want to be able to react to input on your website, eventually you will have to deal with callback functions. This type of function enables you to design your own web project with JavaScript to operate in a personalized and interactive way. In this article, you will learn what a callback function is, how it works and in which programming languages it is still used.

What are callback functions?
Fn key
Fn key: How to enable or disable the Fn button
  • Web development

Did you know that on very small keyboards there is a numeric keypad you can activate? You can access this along with other useful functions by using the Fn key. If you want to be able to use these functions without having to use a keyboard shortcut, all you need to do is enable or disable this key. In this article, we’ll show you how to do this and which specific functions you need to be able to...

Fn key: How to enable or disable the Fn button
Ctrl key
The Ctrl key: explanation and important shortcuts
  • Web development

The Ctrl key only has a function when it is combined with other keys. There are a variety of Ctrl key shortcuts which enable you to perform common commands in programs or in the operating system with exceptional speed. These can save time because you no longer need to access a function using the mouse or accessing it via the menu. We have compiled an overview of the most important shortcuts for...

The Ctrl key: explanation and important shortcuts
Alt key
Alt key: basics and important key combinations
  • Web development

On its own, the Alt key has no assigned function. In combination with other keys, however, it allows quick access to commands in Windows and its programs. By using these key combinations, you can save time and work more efficiently. We’ve summarized the most important shortcuts and key combinations for using the Alt key.

Alt key: basics and important key combinations
Option key on Macs
Option key on Mac: How to use the Opt key to save time
  • Web development

The Option key on Macs offers plenty of functions that simplify working with your Mac and streamline various working processes. But where can you find the Opt key on your Mac keyboard, and what functions does it control? We’ll show you what the special key is for and a number of helpful key commands.

Option key on Mac: How to use the Opt key to save time

Websites

IONOS Website Guide: website advice for all

A website isn’t just a website – these days, there are countless ways to create an online presence in a way that matches your expectations. The ‘Websites’ section of the IONOS Digital Guide offers detailed information about creating, managing, and optimizing websites as well as facts and general background information on the World Wide Web. For a closer look, you can also explore one of several subcategories about different topics. Here, we present website advice for everyone, from mere enthusiasts to qualified professionals.

What’s in the IONOS Website Guide?

The ‘Websites’ section is one of six main categories in the IONOS Digital Guide. ‘Websites’ is then broken down into four further subcategories: ‘Website creation, ‘Web design’, ‘Web development’, and ‘Digital law’. While ‘Website creation’ focuses primarily on the technical aspects of internet sites, ‘Web design’ articles look at the optical makeup of content, in particular the use of text, images, and responsive displays through HTML or CSS. ‘Web development’ covers the use of scripting languages, like PHP or JavaScript, as well as specific tools for the development of internet services. But basic information about the standards and trends of website development can also be found here. The subcategory ‘Digital law’ presents online laws and practices, like image usage rights and privacy policies.

Website advice for beginners, advanced users, and professionals

The Website Guide serves as an information portal for small and medium-sized companies, along with developers, web designers, technology lovers, and general internet enthusiasts. Many articles on the IONOS Digital Guide require little background knowledge, though some are also aimed at more experienced users. Beginners can enjoy posts on topics like ‘What exactly is a website?’, ‘The basics for modern web development’, or ‘How are websites accessed?’, while more advanced readers can broaden their knowledge of specific topics with comprehensive articles and tutorials. So whether you are a novice, an advanced user, or a professional: our handy Website Guide has plenty of useful tips and tricks to help you become an expert on the World Wide Web.