Each year, private individuals and business owners submit their tax returns to the tax office and inform them about their annual accounts and any tax-relevant issues. However, if the tax office finds a reason to take a closer look, an external investigation known as an external audit will take place. The following article reveals what the tax office is hoping to achieve by conducting an audit, and...The Audit: What you need to know about external audits
The profit and loss account (P&L) is also called an income statement. All general ledger accounts are summed up with expenses subtracted from the income to leave a profit or loss amount for the period, which is usually one financial year. Daily operating expenses are summarized by functional areas, e.g. sales and administration.The cost of sales procedure in the context of profits and losses
Not just for large businesses, it’s also important for small businesses to get their invoices just right. How to determine whether your business qualifies as small, what needs to be included in the invoice, and the best way to send them can be found in this article. A small business invoice template is also included to make the whole process even easier.Small business invoice
Being safe at work is part of feeling good in your job. The task of setting up and enforcing health and safety policies is primarily an employers’ duty. But what exactly is the USA’s health and safety policy? Does it vary from state to state? How are workplace safety standards enforced?What is occupational health and safety?
Generally speaking, the only travel periods during a business trip that count as working time and require remuneration are the hours spent traveling that take place during the normal workday hours. Whether or not an employee is paid for any additional travel periods is stipulated in their employment contract or in a labor agreement. How can you find out exactly what the rules and regulations for...Is business travel time working time?
Everyday office life is often stressful and associated with various challenges. The most important thing for all upcoming tasks and appointments is not to lose track of things and to work as efficiently as possible even under time pressure. An elementary success factor is therefore the choice of the right office software. We will show you which office programs you should not forego under any...Office programs: A comparison of the best office software
Invoices are usually associated with trading. However, private individuals are also permitted to create invoices if they sell a personal belonging, for example. What do you need to keep in mind when creating an invoice as an individual? Are there any specific guidelines to follow? What belongs on a private invoice?Issuing a private invoice: What you need to consider
At the break-even point (BeP), a company makes enough revenue to switch from the loss zone to the profit zone. If the BeP is exceeded, a company yields a profit. But what data do you need in order to calculate the break-even point? What formula is used to calculate it? We’ll answer these questions and provide you with further info about the BeP.Break-even point – simply explained
As an entrepreneur, you should have basic knowledge of double-entry bookkeeping with debits and credits in order to record your business transactions in a comprehensible manner. If you deliver products or services to your customers, then these are business transactions that you record. These records always follow the “debit to credit” system. But what exactly is behind this process?Debit and credit
Whether you’re in the supermarket, at the restaurant, or in the garage – invoices are issued everywhere. However, young entrepreneurs – either freelance or self-employed – who want to claim money from their customers for the first time and write outgoing invoices are often unsure. What is the difference between an incoming and an outgoing invoice? What information should be included in the...The A/R invoice