What are the most important Git commands?
The Git version control system can be optimized best with the appropriate Git commands. We’ll show you the most important commands. Git commands are executed from the terminal.
- How do Git commands make work easier?
- What should I know before working with Git?
- How do I configure a name and email with Git commands?
- How do I check the overview and changes?
- What are the Git Commands for repositories?
- What are the Git commands for branches
- What are the Git commands for tags?
- Using Git optimally
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How do Git commands make work easier?
Git’s version control system is an important tool for all developers. Small and large teams benefit from Git’s optimized workflow which allows teams to work on projects at the same time. Git also provides the necessary security and stability. Git enables all team members to see project updates, which is essential when developing with multiple people, branches and repositories. Git commands are an important part of working with the system, as these commands will perform all the necessary steps and make the most out of Git. We’ll outline the most important Git Commands.
What should I know before working with Git?
Firstly, check if Git is already installed and which version is on your computer before starting a new project. The command is:
If a version number does not appear, then Git must be installed manually. Linux has a package manager for this. Mac installation can be completed using the terminal. Git must be downloaded manually for Windows and installed using the installer afterwards.
If you want to start a new project for Git, go to the appropriate folder in the terminal and enter the following command to set up a new repository:
git clone /path/local/Repository/path/target
git clone https://gitexample.com/user/Repository.git
The following command will also work if you have already created an SSH key:
git clone user@server:/path.git
How do I configure a name and email with Git commands?
A username and valid email address are required to work on a project. Use the following Git commands to configure these.
Configure your username:
git config --global user.name "example name"
Check your username:
git config --global user.name
Enter your email address:
git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
This is how you access your email:
git config --global user.email
This command will show all your entries in the overview:
git config --global --list
How do I check the overview and changes?
There are several important Git commands that make it easier for you to work on and in your repository. This command will give an overview of the repository:
git close email@example.com:Repository.get
This gives you an overview of the local status and the changes that have not been adjusted yet:
The changes are highlighted in red.
Use Git Diff to check for differences between the pending commit and the last current version:
git diff HEAD
What are the Git Commands for repositories?
The following Git commands allow you to save changes to the local repository yourself.
Use this command to add all new, changed or deleted files:
However, if you only want to apply certain changes to your commit, put them in square brackets after the command:
git add [ file_1 file_2 file_3 | file-pattern ]
Use this command to send explanations about the current step:
git commit -m "Here’s your message"
What are the Git commands for branches
The following Git commands are required to work with a branch.
List all branches:
Information about the different branches:
List of all branches in the local repository:
git branch -a
Create a new branch:
git branch new-branch-name
git checkout name-of-another-branch
Create a new branch and switch to it:
git checkout -b new-branch
Move the new branch from the local repository to the commit repository:
git push -i remote-name new-branch
Delete a branch in the local repository as long as it contains accepted changes only:
git branch -d branch-name
Add changes from a branch to the current branch:
git merge other-branch-name
git pull other-branch
What are the Git commands for tags?
These Git Commands will make your job easier if you use tags.
List all tags:
Retrieve all tags from the commit repository for your local repository:
git fetch --tags
Display a specific day:
git show tag-name
git push remote-name tag-example
Push all tags to the commit repository:
git push remote-name --tags
Delete tag in a local repository:
git tag -d tag-example
Using Git optimally
These Git commands will enable you to work quickly and effectively in the version control system. You’ll also find a Git tutorial for getting started as well as a Git cheat sheet with a PDF download in our Digital Guide. If you are looking for an alternative to Linus Torvalds system, our comparison of Git vs. SVN might be of interest to you.
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