What are the most important Git commands?

The Git version control system can be optimized best with the appropriate Git commands. We’ll show you the most important commands. Git commands are executed from the terminal.

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How do Git commands make work easier?

Git’s version control system is an important tool for all developers. Small and large teams benefit from Git’s optimized workflow which allows teams to work on projects at the same time. Git also provides the necessary security and stability. Git enables all team members to see project updates, which is essential when developing with multiple people, branches and repositories. Git commands are an important part of working with the system, as these commands will perform all the necessary steps and make the most out of Git. We’ll outline the most important Git Commands.

What should I know before working with Git?

Firstly, check if Git is already installed and which version is on your computer before starting a new project. The command is:

git --version

If a version number does not appear, then Git must be installed manually. Linux has a package manager for this. Mac installation can be completed using the terminal. Git must be downloaded manually for Windows and installed using the installer afterwards.

If you want to start a new project for Git, go to the appropriate folder in the terminal and enter the following command to set up a new repository:

git init

Use the Git Clone to copy and paste a previously created or removed repository into the folder:

git clone /path/local/Repository/path/target
git clone https://gitexample.com/user/Repository.git

The following command will also work if you have already created an SSH key:

git clone user@server:/path.git

How do I configure a name and email with Git commands?

A username and valid email address are required to work on a project. Use the following Git commands to configure these.

Configure your username:

git config --global user.name "example name"

Check your username:

git config --global user.name

Enter your email address:

git config --global user.email "exampleaddress@example.com"

This is how you access your email:

git config --global user.email

This command will show all your entries in the overview:

git config --global --list

How do I check the overview and changes?

There are several important Git commands that make it easier for you to work on and in your repository. This command will give an overview of the repository:

git close gitexample@example.com:Repository.get

This gives you an overview of the local status and the changes that have not been adjusted yet:

git status

The changes are highlighted in red.

Use Git Diff to check for differences between the pending commit and the last current version:

git diff HEAD

What are the Git Commands for repositories?

The following Git commands allow you to save changes to the local repository yourself.

Use this command to add all new, changed or deleted files:

git add

However, if you only want to apply certain changes to your commit, put them in square brackets after the command:

git add [ file_1 file_2 file_3 | file-pattern ]

Finalize a Git commit using this command:

git commit

Use this command to send explanations about the current step:

git commit -m "Here’s your message"

Show the current commits in your local repository with Git Log:

git log

What are the Git commands for branches

The following Git commands are required to work with a branch.

List all branches:

git branch

Information about the different branches:

git fetch

List of all branches in the local repository:

git branch -a

Create a new branch:

git branch new-branch-name

Switch to a specific branch with Git Checkout:

git checkout name-of-another-branch

Create a new branch and switch to it:

git checkout -b new-branch

Move the new branch from the local repository to the commit repository:

git push -i remote-name new-branch

Delete a branch in the local repository as long as it contains accepted changes only:

git branch -d branch-name

Add changes from a branch to the current branch:

git merge other-branch-name

Retrieve changes from a remote repository with Git Pull:

git pull other-branch

What are the Git commands for tags?

These Git Commands will make your job easier if you use tags.

List all tags:

git tag

Retrieve all tags from the commit repository for your local repository:

git fetch --tags

Display a specific day:

git show tag-name

Push a specific tag to the commit repository with Git Push:

git push remote-name tag-example

Push all tags to the commit repository:

git push remote-name --tags

Delete tag in a local repository:

git tag -d tag-example

Using Git optimally

These Git commands will enable you to work quickly and effectively in the version control system. You’ll also find a Git tutorial for getting started as well as a Git cheat sheet with a PDF download in our Digital Guide. If you are looking for an alternative to Linus Torvalds system, our comparison of Git vs. SVN might be of interest to you.


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