Security

DNS over TLS

DNS over TLS: an improved security concept

The Domain Name System has a big security flaw: requests and responses are traditionally sent unencrypted. This provides Internet criminals with an ideal point of attack. Again and again, users are being directed to websites that they actually have no desire to visit. DNS over TLS acts as a deterrent. How does the security concept work?

StartTLS

StartTLS

StartTLS initiates encryption of an e-mail based on the TLS protocol. For this purpose, the server is pinged without encryption first of all, and StartTLS support is requested. The encryption method can be used when the answer is positive. StartTLS is handy, as e-mails are encrypted automatically once the method has been accepted. You don't need to contact a dedicated port, StartTLS can simply be...

SQL injection: Fundamentals and safeguards

SQL Injection: Protect your database system

There are daily reports on how security gaps in applications are exploited – because hardly a day goes by without a new gap being discovered or a known gap being closed. One attack method, which has always been based on exploiting such weak points, is called SQL injection. But what is actually hidden behind the malicious database exploitation and how can you protect your database system from it?

Social engineering – the security gap at ‘layer 8’

Social engineering: human vulnerability exploited

The most effective system break-ins often happen without a scene. Instead of disrupting central network devices with DDoS attacks or sneaking through onto operating systems with Trojan horse techniques, hackers increasingly try to exploit the human security gap. There are various such methods that fall within the broader category of social engineering: a technique that sees hackers gather publicly...

Client to Authenticator Protocol (CTAP)

CTAP: A protocol for more security & convenience on the web

Try and imagine a world where you don’t have to memorize passwords: Thanks to FIDO2, this could soon become a reality. Authentication in online stores or for online banking can be done through a fingerprint or hardware token. The latter can communicate with laptops of PCs through a USB, NFC or Bluetooth. To enable conversations between two devices, FIDO2 uses the Client to Authenticator Protocol...

Zero-day exploit

Zero-day exploit: Explanation and protection measures

The risk for businesses to fall victim to a zero-day exploit has increased in recent years. More and more often, cybercriminals can take advantage of as-yet undiscovered weak points in business software in order to steal or manipulate data. It is difficult to protect against these attacks, but businesses can take some measures to improve their security.

What is a reverse proxy?

Reverse proxy server – core components in security architecture

Cyber criminality is a big issue for most companies’ IT departments. Online attacks threaten the security of private networks and cause millions of dollars of damage per year. Popular targets are servers that provide online services and therefore require a permanent internet connection. An extra layer of security can be applied by using an upstream network component – the reverse proxy. This...

Securing a server: correctly configuring Linux, etc.

The right configuration to secure your server

If you operate or rent your own server, it is your responsibility to protect it against failures and external access. You can immediately begin to set the foundation for this when configuring the server, if you have the necessary administrative rights. The correct settings can work wonders, especially with encrypted remote connections via SSH protocol, and greatly increase security.

Best cloud storage providers

The best cloud storage providers – an overview of the best online storage

Storing files online on a cloud platform has become part of everyday life for many people. Regardless if it’s your own holiday photos, or important documents for work - storing files with online storage providers takes the load off your hard drive, and also ensures that they are available anytime and from anywhere. But what are the best cloud storage providers on the market? And what differences...

What is a rootkit?

What you need to know about rootkits

If you ask the IT community which malware is the most harmful, the answer is typically not viruses, worms or Trojan horses. Experts unanimously agree that rootkits pose much greater problems even to experienced users. The rootkit’s special ability is to conceal other malware and thereby enable cybercriminals to misuse others’ computers for their own criminal activities undetected – such as for bot...


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